Utilitarianism

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Related to Act utilitarianism: Rule utilitarianism

Utilitarianism

The philosophy holding that moral actions must provide the greatest good to the greatest number of persons. Utilitarianism emphasizes the consequences of actions when evaluating their morality. For example, a utilitarian may regard a lie to a regulator as moral if it saves 2,000 jobs. Critics of utilitarianism contend that consequences are unknowable and argue that it could be used to defend atrocities. Utilitarians, on the other hand, argue that their philosophy is the best way to improve happiness in the aggregate.
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These approvals and disapprovals do not follow a simple normative code like act utilitarianism.
On the other hand, hedonistic act utilitarianism is arguably far more hospitable to the general practice of torture than this.
She rejects the Idea; and we should pause to note that virtually all intuitionists have rejected act utilitarianism.