# acid-test ratio

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## Acid-Test Ratio

A measure of a company's ability to meet its short-term obligations using its most liquid assets. It is calculated by subtracting inventories from current assets and dividing the quantity by its current liabilities. A higher acid-test ratio indicates greater short-term financial health. The acid-test ratio is more conservative than the current ratio, which measures much the same thing, because the current ratio excludes the value of inventory. This is because inventory can be less liquid than other current assets. The acid-test ratio thus measures a company's ability to meet obligations in a worst-case scenario. It is also called the quick ratio.

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## acid-test ratio

an accounting measure of a firm's ability to pay its short-term liabilities out of its quickly-realizable CURRENT ASSETS, which expresses the firm's liquid current assets (DEBTORS plus cash) as a ratio of CURRENT LIABILITIES. Sometimes called the ‘quick ratio’, this is a more stringent test of liquidity than the WORKING CAPITAL RATIO, because it excludes STOCK from CURRENT ASSETS on the grounds that STOCKS cannot be as readily convertible into cash to meet short-term debts as can DEBTORS where the goods or services have already been sold and only collecting the money remains.
References in periodicals archive ?
Results also indicate that the coefficient for the variable of acid-test ratio is 45/46, which, based on t statistics, is significant at 1 percent level.
The trading cycle ratio (Solution 1)--which is a narrower measure of liquidity than the current-period ratio--can be thought of as a substitute for the old acid-test ratio (or quick ratio), which also was intended to give a narrower measure of liquidity by excluding less-liquid accounts such as inventory.
As a general rule of thumb, an acid-test ratio of more than 1 gives potential creditors a greater degree of comfort.
This is always vital and it is important to choose appropriate measures here for each period - eg, the quick or acid-test ratios in the short term; the current or working-capital ratios in the medium term; and asset acquisition and disposal programmes in the long term.
Wal-Mart, which historically reports low acid-test ratios, had the lowest quick ratio for the recent quarter at .

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