abandonment

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Abandonment

Controlling party giving up rights to property voluntarily.

Abandonment

1. The act of fully and completely relinquishing ownership of some property or asset. One may abandon both tangible assets, such as tools or real estate, or intangible assets, such as patents or leases. For example, abandonment occurs when someone leaves his/her house empty, never intending to return or otherwise use the property. Legal abandonment sometimes requires filing declaration of intent to do so with the appropriate authorities. Sometimes, a person may obtain abandoned property for free, though this does not apply to real estate. See also: Adverse possession.

2. See: Expiration.

abandonment

abandonment

An intentional surrender, disclaimer, or termination of ownership with no stated intention regarding who the next owner should be. Legally requires some external evidence of an intention to abandon; simply neglecting property will not suffice. Differs from surrender, which requires that someone accept the property,and from forfeiture,which is unintentional loss of property.Abandoned property will generally revert to someone with a prior claim,such as an abandoned leasehold reverting to the landlord or an abandoned easement reverting to the landowner. Sometimes abandoned property will escheat to the state.