Despite the small effects on mean or overall labor force participation, it should be remembered that our measures are identifying the effect on the labor supply of only about 35% of our sample (actual AFDC
beneficiaries, however, these small cost effects are more significant because average AFDC
adult expenditures are $158 per month, and average expenditures for AFDC
children are $57 per month.
This paper distinguishes between two specific types of income payments, AFDC
and child support and alimony payments.
The data for the analysis of recidivism of among AFDC
and TANF recipients were assembled from various sources: the Georgia Department of Labor, the Georgia Department of Human Resources, and the US Census Bureau.
The mean modal aid code for 49 percent of spells was AFDC
provides income support to families based on need, income, and family size.
In a study in Wisconsin, Cancian and colleagues (1999) found that although the average earnings of recipients who left AFDC
increased, the women's overall income dropped because welfare benefits fell more than their earnings increased.
Descriptive analyses were used to present differences by AFDC
status and by race on the independent variables and the five DSM-III-R disorders.
First, we not only follow other research in estimating the impact of AFDC
policy changes on food stamp caseloads but also examine the impact of policies that are focused directly on food stamps.
However, some studies (Cheng, 1995; Hutchens, 1981; Plotnick, 1983) showed no significant effect of educational level on AFDC
recipients' chances of leaving welfare (that is, exiting dependency or supplementation).
benefits were primarily available to single women with dependent children, the AFDC
program decreased the gains from marriage and increased the gains from divorce.
Domestic violence, AFDC
receipt and welfare reform in Massachusetts.