Fama and French Three Factor Model

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Fama and French Three Factor Model

Created by Eugene Fama and Kenneth French to describe the expected return of a portfolio. Their model includes the market exposure (known as beta in the Capital Asset Pricing Model) plus two other risk factors: SMB (Small Minus Big) and HML (High Minus Low.) SMB accounts for the tendency for stocks of firms with small market capitalizations generate higher returns, while HML accounts for the tendency that value stocks (of firms with high Book to Market ratios) generating higher returns.

Fama and French Three Factor Model

An expansion of the capital asset pricing model that considers the facts that small cap stocks outperform large cap stocks and that value stocks do the same with respect to growth stocks. The model accounts for these facts when determining the appropriate price for these stocks.
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The 3 factor model was constructed by including items of affect and loyalty dimensions directly on a single factor and items of contribution and respect dimensions on two separate dimensions leading to a three dimensional structure.